Der Hund: Ein Blick in seinen Magen- & Darmtrakt - BugBell GmbH

The dog: A look into his stomach and intestinal tract

Solutions for Digestive Disorders: Your Path to a Healthy Dog Reading The dog: A look into his stomach and intestinal tract 5 minutes Next Allergies start in the intestines

A dog's gastrointestinal tract is an amazing system that performs a variety of vital tasks. From digesting food to warding off disease, this area plays a crucial role in your four-legged friend's health.

Functions of the digestive tract

  1. Breaking down food: The dog's digestive tract works to break down the food it eats into its basic building blocks, including proteins, carbohydrates and fats. This occurs through enzymatic activity in the stomach and intestines as well as through fermentation and microbiological processes.

  2. Nutrient absorption: The intestine absorbs vitamins, minerals and trace elements from food and passes them on to the body.

  3. Vitamin production: The intestines also play a role in the production of vitamins and vitamin precursors, which are critical to the dog's health.

  4. Immune defense: The digestive tract is an important part of the immune system. It neutralizes harmful bacteria, viruses and other pathogens and thus helps ward off diseases.

  5. Allergen detection: The intestine detects allergens ingested through food and neutralizes them to prevent allergic reactions.

  6. Detoxification: When exposed to toxins (toxins) either through food or due to internal diseases, the digestive tract helps the body by inducing vomiting or diarrhea to quickly remove the harmful substances.

Prerequisites for good digestion

In order for the digestive tract to fulfill these important tasks, a number of prerequisites are necessary. The stomach must have a functioning mucous membrane that produces enough stomach acid to digest food. It should also be germ-free. The intestinal area requires a well-developed mucous membrane with intestinal villi and crypts as well as appropriate intestinal flora.

Dog's stomach and intestinal contract

Your dog's gastrointestinal tract is not just a simple digestive system, but a complex network that influences his well-being and health. Let's dive deeper into some of these aspects:

Stomach Acid: Your dog's stomach is an amazing organ that creates an acidic environment to break down food. This stomach acid not only helps with digestion, but also kills potentially harmful bacteria and pathogens. It is a crucial factor in preparing food for further digestion in the small intestine.

The intestinal flora: Your dog's intestines are a veritable biotope of microorganisms, including bacteria. This intestinal flora is essential for healthy digestion and the absorption of nutrients. An imbalance in the intestinal flora can lead to digestive problems. Therefore, it is important to promote intestinal health, e.g. B. through probiotic foods or nutritional supplements.

Nutrients and Vitamins: Your dog's digestive tract is responsible for absorbing vital nutrients and vitamins from food. These nutrients are crucial for its energy, growth and overall health. If the digestive tract does not function properly, deficiency symptoms can occur, which can manifest themselves in various symptoms.

The Importance of the Large Intestine: Your dog's large intestine plays an important role in digestion. In addition to the processing of food components that are difficult to digest , the own synthesis of some vitamins, such as biotin and vitamin K, takes place in the large intestine. These are of great importance for your dog's health. A healthy colon is therefore essential.

pH and digestion: The different pH levels in your dog's digestive tract are crucial to the chemical processes that occur during digestion. The acidic environment in the stomach helps break down proteins, while the alkaline pH in the small intestine facilitates the absorption of nutrients. A balance of these pH levels is crucial for efficient digestion.

The pH value, which measures the acidity in the digestive tract, changes during the digestive process:
  • The stomach often has a pH of around 6 between meals, but this drops to 2-3 after eating due to the production of hydrochloric acid.

  • The alkaline pancreatic secretion neutralizes stomach acid, resulting in pH values ​​of around 6-6.5 in the duodenum.

  • In the small intestine, the pH value can rise to 7.

  • The normal pH value of dog feces is between 6 and 7

The Importance of Diet: How you feed your dog plays a big role in his digestive health. High-quality, easily digestible ingredients in appropriate quantities are the key to good digestion. Individual adjustments to take your dog's health and needs into account are essential.


Your dog's gastrointestinal tract is an impressive and complex system that affects his health in many ways. By eating a balanced diet, caring for his intestinal flora and maintaining a balanced pH, you can help your dog live a happy and healthy life. It's worth taking the time to understand the intricacies of this amazing system and ensure it works optimally.